TOTAL WORKFORCE INDEX

AMERICAS

Many South and Central American markets pose challenges for global employers, such as limited skills availability, low productivity and more complex regulations. Despite these challenges, Chile has experienced significant improvement due to a substantial labor reform in recent years and maintains a spot in the top 5 markets in the Americas region once again. However, Puerto Rico has a stronger skills availability ranking and passed Chile to claim the third highest ranking in this region.

Mexico remains an attractive global market for investment, due to proximity to North American markets such as the United States but slips out of the top 5 in 2020. Costs Rica rises to sixth while Uruguay claims the fifth position in the regional rankings due to the increased weighting attributed to skills availability factors and higher than average performance across the remaining categories.

Comparison of the Top Five Markets in the Americas Region

Size of the bubble reflects the Relative Availability of each market, while the color reflects Relative Regulation

  • Minimal Regulatory Impact
  • Moderate Regulatory Impact
  • Restrictive Regulatory Impact

Total Workforce

The Total Workforce is a combination of all the workers engaged in either Contingent or Permanent work within each country. Below, we explore the top five markets in this region overall, as well as the rankings by category.

Contingent Workforce

The Contingent Workforce is comprised of all non-permanent staff including but not limited to informal, contract, part-time or temporary labor.

more about this workforce

Permanent Workforce

The Permanent Workforce is comprised of all of the workers considered to be full-time or staff employees.

more about this workforce

Average wage, though a great tool comparison, is predominantly driven by the ratio of highly skilled jobs to lower skilled jobs. Markets with a higher volume of highly skilled jobs will average higher wages than markets with a high volume of low skilled jobs. Therefore, not all markets with lowest wage are the lowest for rates for a given skill.

Manufacturing wages are a leading indicator of rising costs as they typically rise before the wages of professional skills. Manufacturing wages are particularly sensitive to inflation and statutory burdens. Therefore, though the cost of manufacturing skills may be much lower than more highly skilled jobs, they are generally the first to reflect the rising cost of wages in a market. Due to increased digitization and automation, some markets are showing higher wage increases than others. Specifically, those driven by other industry products such as automotive and pharmaceutical.

Employment tax is a basic statutory burden that employers need to add to wages when calculating the cost of skills in a workforce market. It is typically the first metric of consideration beyond the wages themselves. Wages largest component of total labor cost. However, taxes are the best indicator for total cost. They are also more representative of the labor cost per market than insurance as insurance appears more standardized, while taxes are unique to each market.

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